The chilli pepper is the fruit of plants from the genus Capsicum, members of the nightshade family, Solanaceae.

Chilli peppers originated in the Americas but are cultivated in across the world in the Philippines, India, China, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Spain, and Mexico. The substances that give chilli peppers their intensity when ingested are capsaicin and several related chemicals, collectively called capsaicinoids.


The five domesticated species of chilli peppers are as follows:

  • Capsicum annuum, including bell peppers, wax, chilli pepper, jalapeños, and the chiltepin.
  • Capsicum frutescens, including malagueta, tabasco and Thai peppers, peri peri, and Malawian Kambuzi.
  • Capsicum chinense, including the hottest peppers such as the naga, habanero, Datil and Scotch bonnet.
  • Capsicum pubescens, including the South American rocoto peppers.
  • Capsicum baccatum, including the South American aji peppers.

Here are the 7 health benefits of chilli pepper.

1.     Chili Pepper can help keep one’s eyes healthy.

One tablespoon of chilli pepper in vitamin A with 9 % of the daily recommended need. Vitamin A is known for improving your eyesight and preventing night blindness and macular degeneration from developing as we age.

2.     Chili Pepper can help individuals fight infections.

Chilli pepper contains 108 % of vitamin C daily requirements per tablespoon. Vitamin C is a powerful natural water-soluble antioxidant that helps the body develop resistance against infectious agents and eliminates cancer-causing free radicals in the body.

3.     Chili Pepper is perfect for keeping the hair and skin vibrant and strong.

Adequate vitamin C intake does not only improve the immune system but can also create and maintain collagen, an essential protein found in hair and skin.

4.     Chili Pepper is perfect for decreasing blood pressure.

Per tablespoon, chilli pepper contains 145 milligrams of potassium. Also, chilli pepper contains very little sodium with only 1.6 milligrams per tablespoon. This combination with folate also contributes to the reduction of hypertension and relaxes blood vessels, while maintaining proper blood flow.

5.     Chili Pepper is loaded with B-vitamin components.

Chilli pepper is an excellent source of B-vitamin complex elements, such as riboflavin and niacin. Niacin has been known to increase an individual’s “good” cholesterol and reduce the risk of cardiovascular problems. A deficiency of niacin leads to Pellagra – a disease characterized by diarrhoea, dementia, dermatitis, and insomnia, the inability to sleep.

Chilli pepper is also a good source of folic acid. Folic acid helps the body to produce healthy red blood cells and prevents anaemia. It is also essential for aiding rapid cell division and growth, such as during infancy and pregnancy. A deficiency of folic acid in pregnant women can lead to the birth of underweight infants and may also result in neural tube defects in newborns.

6.     Chili Pepper can assist in red blood cell formation.

Copper and iron are essential for new blood cell formation. A deficiency in iron can lead to anaemia, fatigue, and muscular weakness.

7.     Chili Pepper can help improve cognitive functioning.

The amount of iron in chilli pepper leads to increased haemoglobin production and increases blood flow. Proper amounts of oxygen and iron in the brain lead to increased cognitive performance and a decreased risk of cognitive disorders like Alzheimer’s disease and dementia.

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